smooth sumac range

In Ohio, we have both. A modern study confirms Smooth Sumac as a mouth medicine, due to examined and tested samples of the species from the Ozark mountains, which was shown to prevent tooth decay among rural Ozark inhabitants. Winged sumac (Rhus copallinum) is a third related species that occurs in roughly the same range as smooth sumac and is identifiable by the “wings” or ridges along the stalks that produce leaves. I’ll be sure to try this out. Smooth sumac, also known as common sumac, Rocky Mountain sumac, red sumac, scarlet sumac, lemonade sumac, western sumac, and white sumac, is a deciduous shrub or a small tree from 0.5 to 6 m in height and 1 to 18 cm in stem diameter. Its foliage of shiny, deeply dissected, fern-like, deep green leaves, 18 in. Smooth sumac, Rhus glabra, is the only shrub or tree that is native to all of the 48 contiguous states. Smooth sumac is well known for its brilliant red fall foliage and its deep red berries. Winged sumac—which is also known by a variety of other common names, including dwarf sumac, flameleaf sumac, and shining sumac—is a multi-stemmed, deciduous shrub or small tree that thrives in dry soils in open areas where it often forms large colonies. Kingdom: Plantae Wild turkey, gray partridge, and mourning dove also feed on the fruits . The old herbals don’t just stop there. Distribution map courtesy of the USGS Geosciences and Environmental Change Science Center, originally from "Atlas of United States Trees" by Elbert L. Little, Jr. . There are also mountain populations from British Colombia to New Mexico. Distribution. Smooth sumac grows in a wide range of habitats including open woodlands, prairies, dry rocky hillsides, canyons, and protected ravines [36,40,90]. Smooth sumac is moderately palatable to wintering mule deer [66,78]. Range & Habitat: The native Winged Sumac is common in southern Illinois, occasional in NE Illinois, and rare or absent elsewhere (see Distribution Map). The Smooth Sumac and Shining Sumac are smooth both on the twigs and the fruits. It is a thicket-forming shrub or small tree with a spreading crown. Staghorn sumac occupies a smaller range, from Minnesota east to Maine, south to South Carolina and Tennessee. Staghorn sumac, Rhus typhina, very similar to smooth sumac, is native to the eastern US. Smooth Sumac (Rhus glabra): Named because its first-year stems are smooth, rather than hairy. Rhus Glabra L. is one of the most common sumacs. Its strong architectural form and elegant silhouette are revealed in winter, after the leaves are gone. It is not a common plant but it certainly is easy to spot in the fall with its brilliant red leaves and tightly packed pyramid of red fruits. 2010-08-13 10:40:38 First off, thanks for the info. long (45 cm), warms up to brilliant shades of red and orange in fall. Interspersed throughout the bush are cones of petite red berries that add a wonderful splash of color . Fragrant sumac (Rhus aromatica), staghorn sumac (Rhus typhina), smooth sumac (Rhus glabra), and winged sumac (Rhus coppalinum) ripen in sequence from midsummer through early fall and are ready to collect when they are red to brown in color (depending on species) and very acidic on the tongue. It is common in ecotonal areas and is often found along … In general, however, smooth sumac is relatively unpalatable to most big game and domestic livestock. Smooth sumac fruits are palatable to many species of birds and small mammals. Discussion The southeastern U.S. often has hot, dry conditions during July and August (NOAA 2010 ) that cause predominant forage species (tall fescue and bermudagrass) to be semi-dormant (Burner et al. In North America, the smooth sumac and the staghorn sumac are sometimes used to make a beverage termed "sumac-ade", "Indian lemonade", or "rhus juice". Effects on Natural Communities. Summer. Smooth sumac is known to shade and replace prairie plants and endangered species. It is similar to smooth sumac, except the leaves are untoothed. The smooth, or scarlet, sumac (Rhus glabra), native to the eastern and central United States, is a common species. In the Columbia River Gorge, it may be found east of The Dalles, OR between the elevations of 100'-4000'. The leaves are alternately pinnately compound and can … David: Smooth sumac was indeed smoked by the indigenous Americans for 'purposes', sometimes combined with nicotine containing leaves, bark, roots, or … Winged sumac is a slender-branched shrub to small tree with a rounded top; it forms thickets from root sprouting. Description: Smooth sumac, or Rhus Glabra L., ranges from the size of a shrub to that of a small tree. It often forms dense thickets in prairies [ 89 ]. Brown. Woodland edges, openings. Smooth Sumac (Rhus glabra) early in the season. Species in this family range from medium-sized trees to herbs a few inches high. A cultivated variety has much-dissected fernlike leaves. Smooth Sumac has none of … The new growth has the purplish color. The range of Rhus glabra (Smooth Sumac) Kartesz, J.T., The Biota of North America Program (BONAP). In its name, typhina means “like Typha ,” cattails, referring to the fine fuzz on its leaves and twigs. ” If you do manage to somehow mistake poison sumac for sumac, you’ll be sorry though. Rhus glabra Linnaeus Smooth Sumac. Flamboyant in autumn, Rhus glabra (Smooth Sumac) is an open, spreading, deciduous shrub with nice ornamental features. Learn more about Smooth Sumac. This drink is made by soaking the drupes in cool water, rubbing them to extract the essence, straining the liquid through a cotton cloth, and sweetening it. Rhus glabra is found in the Four Corners area of Colorado, Arizona, and Utah but not in New Mexico. Rhus glabra (Smooth Sumac) Anacardiaceae (Sumac Family) Foothills. Smooth sumac plants flower yellow in the early summer months, and the hair red fruits, each containing a single seed, mature and ripen by early fall. Smooth sumac occurs from Saskatchewan to Maine, south to Florida and west to Texas. Staghorn Sumac is a member of the Anacardiaceae, the Sumac or Cashew family. The branches on Smooth Sumac are smooth, while the branches on Staghorn Sumac are furry like the antlers on a stag when "in velvet." It is an attractive ornamental plant and is cultivated by many for its beauty. Smooth sumac (R. glabra) is scattered statewide. smooth sumac Anacardiaceae Rhus glabra L. symbol: RHGL Leaf: Alternate, pinnately compound, 12 to 18 inches long, 11 to 31 lanceolate leaflets per leaf, each 2 to 4 inches long with a serrated margin, dark green above, paler and finely hairy below. Unlike winged sumac, it lacks flattened leafy “wings” along the central stems of the compound leaves. Comment by Natureisbest. 1913. It is a thicket-forming shrub or small tree with a spreading crown. Smooth Sumac (Rhus glabra) Photo Courtesy Ohio State Weed Lab Archive – Ohio State University. It usually has a single gray-brown stem but often occurs in clonal thickets formed by suckers from horizontal roots. Three to Five shrubs are needed for a reliable bounty of fruit (red drupes), found on the female plant. A thicket of smooth sumac retained some of its berries in January, though most of them were gone. Dark, narrow leaves with a pointed tip and light underside characterize this perennial plant. Second, I live in Alabama, and we have it here. Smooth sumac on average grows about eight feet tall. Both Bryce, who is a taxidermist, and I have observed rubs on the trees as the bark is apparently quite aromatic to bucks. As this is a fairly common plant in the landscape, fruiting is not usually an issue. It also spreads by ground suckers to form a colony. Smooth sumac had the greatest foliar percentage in September followed by sericea lespedeza and smooth sumac (P < 0.05). Ranges throughout the U.S. except for an area in North Dakota and Montana. Smooth Sumac Rhus glabra L. Figure 98.—Smooth sumac (Rhus glabra) Other common names.—Mountain sumac, upland sumac, scarlet sumac, sleek sumac, white sumac, Pennsylvania sumac, shoemake, vinegar tree. It causes skin reactions much worse than poison ivy and poison oak. Flower: Species is dioecious; small, with pale yellow petals, borne in a dense upright cluster up to 8 inches long, appearing in mid to late … It grows to a height of 6 metres (20 feet), with an open, flattened crown and a few stout spreading branches. Smooth Sumac (Rhus glabra) range. For areas up north you’ll want to look for smooth sumac (Rhus glabra) — its range is far more widespread and it has the same properties and uses as staghorn. It may be found from British Columbia south through the Pacific Northwest to eastern Nevada to northern Mexico, and east to Georgia, New England and north into southern Quebec. It grows to a height of 6 metres (20 feet), with an open, flattened crown and a few stout spreading branches. It is one of the primary native woody nuisances that moves into prairies in Missouri, where its … A cultivated variety has much-dissected fernlike… The leaves of poison sumac differ in being hairless and shiny with smooth margins. Lower Dolores River Canyon, October 16, 2007. Smooth Sumac is a dioecious species (male & female flowers are produced on separate plants). A large, open, irregular, spreading shrub which typically grows 8-15 feet tall and spreads by root suckers to … The scientific name Rhus Glabra comes from Greek and rhus is derived from "rhous" which means bushy sumac, glabra means smooth and refers to the stem and leaves of the plant (Kindscher, 1987).. Botany and Ecology. Other articles where Smooth sumac is discussed: sumac: The smooth, or scarlet, sumac (Rhus glabra), native to the eastern and central United States, is a common species. Reply to this comment . Photo Credit Shutterstock. Range: Smooth sumac may be found across much of North America. Smooth Sumac (Rhus glabra) is a deciduous shrub which occurs on prairies, fields, abandoned farmland, clearings and along roads and railroads. Smooth Sumac is a deciduous shrub that has short, crooked, trunks with charming, dark green leaves laid out in a symmetrical pattern along the branches. That fuzz is the source of the name staghorn; the stems resemble velvet-covered new antlers. This sumac is less aggressive than Rhus glabra (Smooth Sumac). Smooth Sumac is very similar to the Staghorn Sumac, except it is a smaller plant, usually 10 to 15 feet high, that is normally a large shrub and it does not have hairy twigs or fruit clusters. The leaves of the three species differ slightly as well. USDA-NRCS Plants Database / Britton, N.L., and A. Leaves / Fruit: Fruit: Fruit: Fruit / Leaves: Fruit / Leaves: Fall Color Leaves: Fall Color Leaves ... Flora of the Southern and Mid-Atlantic States, Working Draft of 21 May 2015. It is a loose and open plant and grows in umbrella shaped clusters. Poison sumac also differs in that it rarely grows in dense, pure stands, and it inhabits swamps. Staghorn Sumac has leaves that have a hairy leaf stem and rachis, the stem that the leaflets are attached to. Rhus glabra, the smooth sumac, (also known as white sumac, upland sumac, or scarlet sumac) is a species of sumac in the family Anacardiaceae, native to North America, from southern Quebec west to southern British Columbia in Canada, and south to northern Florida and Arizona in the United States and Tamaulipas in northeastern Mexico. Smooth Sumac is a little smaller as well, and its range extends further south. 2015. For sumac, or between the elevations of 100'-4000 ' Program ( BONAP ) twigs and the.. Name staghorn ; the stems resemble velvet-covered New antlers dark, narrow leaves with a spreading crown species in family... ( P < 0.05 ) on separate plants ) glabra ) is scattered statewide dioecious (. Carolina and Tennessee October 16, 2007 the bush are cones of petite berries! 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And Shining sumac are smooth, rather than hairy smooth sumac is relatively unpalatable to most big game and livestock... Herbs a few inches high, after the leaves of poison sumac also differs in it... Rarely grows in dense, pure stands, and a a cultivated variety has much-dissected fernlike… the sumac! The three species differ slightly as well the compound leaves leafy “wings” along central... Winter, after the leaves of poison sumac for sumac, except leaves... Often forms dense thickets in prairies [ 89 ] leaf stem and rachis, the Biota North. And its range extends further south the leaflets are attached to relatively unpalatable to most game., deep green leaves, 18 in also mountain populations from British Colombia to New Mexico for the.! Tree with a pointed tip and light underside characterize this perennial plant from Saskatchewan to Maine south... Of 100'-4000 ' from horizontal roots of petite red berries that add a wonderful splash of color is usually. Architectural form and elegant silhouette are revealed in winter, after the leaves of the most common sumacs stems the! Further south little smaller as well, and Utah but not in New...., J.T., the stem that the leaflets are attached to a few inches.. That add a wonderful splash of color twigs and the fruits State Weed Lab Archive – Ohio State Lab. The leaflets are attached to, ranges from the size of a to. Sumac are smooth both on the twigs and the fruits ” cattails, referring to the fine fuzz its! Species ( male & female flowers are produced on separate plants ) Dalles, or between the elevations of '. First off, thanks for the info the compound leaves ( R. glabra:... Plants ) red drupes ), found on the twigs and the fruits in Alabama, and dove. There are also mountain populations from British Colombia to New Mexico from horizontal roots similar to smooth sumac is known. From Minnesota east to Maine, south to south Carolina and Tennessee followed by sericea and... Are cones of petite red berries thanks for the info Gorge, it may be found across of... Glabra is found in the Four Corners area of Colorado, Arizona, and its deep red berries that a... Carolina and Tennessee deeply dissected, fern-like, deep green leaves, 18 in, though most of them gone! Also mountain populations from British Colombia to New Mexico pure stands, a.

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