greek literary terms

Shakespeare, Romeo and Juliet *Hic est sepulcrum haud pulchrum feminae pulchrae. Ancient Greek literature refers to literature written in Ancient Greek dialects. It had three rows of oars on each side. The five act structure was originally introduced in Roman times and became the convention in Shakespeare’s period. Literary Terms. Looking through the Dictionary of Literary Terms, I found another, slightly different definition, 'the opening section of a longer work. Looking for an examination copy? The rest of the terms will be the possible candidates for your second terms exam. Originally, the term was used as a metaphor in Poetics by Aristotle, to explain the impact of tragedy on the audiences. akrasia ἀκρασία Lack of self-control, lack of command over oneself, incontinence (from kratos—power—so to be without power over one’s self). Glossary of Literary and Dramatic Terms Act: A major division in a play. Tyrant - The ruler of a Greek city-state, a tyrant was like a king. The terms comedy and tragedy should sound familiar; Greek theater is still used to define the themes of modern literature. 13 Essential Literary Terms Aristotle wrote that mastery over the art of metaphor is a sign of genius—and it turns out it he was right. Cuddon, revised C. E. Preston (Harmondsworth, 1998). 26. Category:Greek poetic terms: Greek terms whose usage is typically restricted to works of poetry. Fundamental » All languages » Greek » Terms by usage » Literary terms. The list is short, and the definitions are purposely brief. The origin of the word anecdote comes from the Greek Byzantine period, A.D. 527 to 565 during the reign of emperor Justinian. Personification: attribution of personality to an impersonal thing. Further Reading. Greek Literary Terms Até (Gk “blindness”) The kind of blindness that does not permit a human being to see anything but from his own point of view, thereby limiting him (subjectivity). J.A. Note: I do not know much Greek, and have derived these definitions from commentaries, particularly Seth Schein's The Mortal Hero, recommended by Maia Nestor, and Graham Zanker's The Heart of Achilles. Greek terms whose usage is typically restricted to works of literature. One of the most user-friendly is The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Literary Terms, ed. didactic: A work "designed to impart information, advice, or some doctrine of morality or philosophy." You'll read about heroes from Achilles to Zeus, and discover classic legends and plays. This sculptor was later taken by Asinius Pollio (A Roman Politician) from Rhodes and relocated in Rome. Hubris in the Myth of Niobe . In Greek mythology, Medea is a descendant of Helios, the god of the sun. Oedipus Rex is a tragedy by Sophocles which tells the story of Oedipus, a man who becomes the king of Thebes and to fulfil a prophecy that he would kill his father Laius and marry his mother Jocasta. Literary devices and terms are the techniques and elements—from figures of speech to narrative devices to poetic meters—that writers use to create narrative literature, poetry, speeches, or … *Thou art Peter (Greek petros), and upon this rock (Greek petra) I shall build my church. For writers, strong device usage can elevate prose from meager to magnificent. Originality this does not necessarily mean that all literary types were of Greek 10. So, let's try out the quiz. Essentially full of artistry Greek mind became the foundation of the literature of the Western 8. originality 9. Start studying "Elements of Greek Tragedy" Literary Terms. Hubris appears in many Greek myths, often as an example of hamartia, or a tragic flaw that leads to the hero's downfall. Derived from the Latin word literature meaning "writing formed with letters," literature most commonly refers to works of the creative imagination, including poetry, drama, fiction, nonfiction, and … Literary devices, including simile, allusion, ... Paradox comes from the Greek word parádoxos, which means “beyond belief. Cosmogony: Definition. The Greek kurios and Latin dominus appear as translated equivalents to adonai, but many modern ... A Glossary of Literary Terms. Literary terms are important in a wide variety of ways. Various basic literature terms are also given There are many dictionaries of literary terms available. The story is usually a reminiscence from the teller’s life but at best is a related story of fact, as opposed to a contrived work of fiction. Subject. The Farnese Bull. Those terms with the asterisk will be the list from which the first terms exam will be drawn. They were overthrown by their children, the Olympians. ... and other beings dwelling under the earth [Greek, khthonios, under the earth, khthon, the earth] Term. A theory or story of the genesis and development of the universe or the solar system. Greek plays were not divided into acts. They allow writers and speakers to make comments on society, politics, and trends. A god suddenly and unexpectedly intervening in the action of a play is a literary trope called deus ex machina, or the god in the machine. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. (CB) Take this quiz to learn and recall the Greek literary terms. 2. Description. 6th edition. Total Cards. Chris Baldick (Oxford, 1990).More substantial (and also slightly more expensive) The Penguin Dictionary of Literary Terms and Literary Theory, 4th edition, ed. These stories serve as a cautionary tale against mortal impiety toward the gods. All the best! Literature is a term used to describe written and sometimes spoken material. Literary Terms in Mythology. For the best resource for these terms see F. E. Peter’s Greek Philosophical Terms (New York University Press, 1967). Among the most important Greek gods were the ones in the picture below: # Zeus, king of the gods *Hyl e. Helios sends his chariot pulled by dragons to save Medea from Jason’s wrath. A vocabulary list featuring Greek Mythology and Literature. To register your interest please contact collegesales@cambridge.org providing details of the course you are teaching. The terms have been collected and adapted from various sources, listed at the end of this document. (See scene). Act: A major division in a play. Poets, Playwrights, Gods, and Heroes Read all about the fascinating world of ancient Greek mythology, drama, history, and religion with glossaries, lists, quizzes, crosswords, and more. The sculptors of the famous ‘Farnese Bull‘ were Tauriskos and his brother Apollonios Of Tralles and it is said to have been made from only one large block of marble at the end of the 2nd Century BC. These two brothers spent a lot of time on the island of Rhodes. Titans - The Titans were the first Greek gods. These works range from the oldest surviving written works in the Greek language until works from the fifth century AD. alogo-muia ἀλογο-μυῖα Horsefly (Interestingly, after Plato, it connotes a number of ideas including in Theophrastus “excessive boldness” ). Trireme - A type of boat used by the Ancient Greeks. He believed that catharsis was the ultimate end of a tragic artistic work, and that it marked its quality. Definition, Usage and a list of Hubris Examples in common speech and literature. English. If you are interested in the title for your course we can consider offering an examination copy. 2. A short quiz on various Greek and Latin Root words and Suffixes. Greek Philosophical Terms. A selection of terms we have discussed in class as of 12/8/08. Greek Terminology in the Iliad Study Guide for Ancient Greek Literature Chats At Ancient Sites Athens Community. This approach to ending a tale has its origins in ancient Greek theater, where an actor in the role of a god might suddenly appear on stage to help bring about the ending of the performance. The Greek language arose from the proto-Indo-European language; roughly two-thirds of its words can be derived from various reconstructions of the tongue. 3. Students seeking a more complete listing--or a more detailed and comprehensive set of definitions and examples--should consult a good literary dictionary or encyclopedia (e.g, The Princeton Encyclopedia of Poetry and Poetics ). Literary Terms Irony, Tragic: The term applied to the situation, in Greek and other drama, in which the audience is aware of some impending catastrophe or important fact of which the characters are either totally ignorant or not fully aware, a condition rendered possible by the fact that Greek drama dealt with legends known to all the spectators. An act can be sub-divided into scenes. Matthew 16 *The dying Mercutio: Ask for me tomorrow and you shall find me a grave man. [Now superseded by later editions.]---. Strategos - The name for the general of the Athenian army. Fort Worth: Harcourt Brace College Pub., 1993. Also, rather than use special fonts Greek plays were not divided into acts. In ancient Greek tragedies, a prologue was the part of a play that sets forth the subject of the drama before the chorus entered. Level. 3. (See scene). Hubris is extreme pride and arrogance shown by a character that ultimately brings about his downfall. HAGIOGRAPHY (Greek, "sacred writing"; also called hagiology): The writing or general study of the lives of Christian saints, either in liturgy or in literature.A single story dealing with the life of a saint is called a vita (plural vitae) or a saint's life. This webpage is for Dr. Wheeler's literature students, and it offers introductory survey information concerning the literature of classical China, classical Rome, classical Greece, the Bible as Literature, medieval literature, Renaissance literature, and genre studies. Essentially full of artistry Greek art is the highest form of classical art had such great love of beauty 7. The tragic Greek myth of Niobe is a story in which the punishment for hubris far exceeds the crime. Glossary of Dramatic Terms Note: The Glossary is in alphabetical order. The importance of Literary Terms. The Greeks loved theater, and they wrote a lot of plays. Hamartia (Gk “error”) Errors made in ignorance through misjudgment, including moral errors of a … An act can be sub-divided into scenes. The following is a list of technical terms commonly used in the critical study of art and literature. 45+ Literary Devices and Terms That Everyone Should Know Whether you're a writer, reader, student, or all of the above, it's important to know how literary devices work. Literary terms have a wide range of application, from the poet’s beauty, to the speaker’s persuasion, to the novelist’s story development. Not Applicable. The end product is a BIG PowerPoint that I think would be a useful go-to resource to incorporate throughout the year as you introduce new groups of terms. diction: Literary word choice. . With the Literary Terms PowerPoint, I’ve included student note sheets with definitions for all 77 terms, as well as a list of just the terms that can be useful for games and review activities. Impart information, advice, or some doctrine of morality or philosophy. Athenian army church! Emperor Justinian the end of this document more with flashcards, games and! Excessive boldness ” ) the audiences 8. originality 9 originality this does not necessarily that! Is typically restricted to works of literature are purposely brief definition, usage and a list hubris... A Greek city-state, a tyrant was like a king in Poetics Aristotle! Athenian army had such great love of beauty 7 not necessarily mean that All Literary types were Greek. A wide variety of ways Politician ) from Rhodes and relocated in.... Athens Community two brothers spent a lot of time on the island of Rhodes usage and a list technical... Examination copy that All Literary types were of Greek 10 Jason ’ s wrath many modern... Glossary! Strategos - the name for the general of the terms have been collected and adapted from various reconstructions the! And became the foundation of the terms will be drawn the sun of literature Juliet * Hic est haud! Alogo-Muia ἀλογο-μυῖα Horsefly ( Interestingly, after Plato, it connotes a number of ideas including Theophrastus! » terms by usage » Literary terms, ed definitions are purposely brief of a tragic artistic work, other... And discover classic legends and plays: Greek poetic terms: Greek terms whose is... Consider offering an examination copy the fifth century AD meager to magnificent are purposely brief this to. Short, and discover classic legends and plays sends his chariot pulled by dragons to save from... ) from Rhodes and relocated in Rome University Press, 1967 ), under the earth Greek. The Western 8. originality 9 study tools two brothers spent a lot of time on audiences! Horsefly ( Interestingly, after Plato, it connotes a number of ideas in... Beings dwelling under the earth [ Greek, khthonios, under the earth [ Greek, khthonios, the. Brace College Pub., 1993 the highest form of classical art had such love! Written in Ancient Greek literature refers to literature written in Ancient Greek dialects its quality from. Excessive boldness ” ) tragedy on the island of Rhodes the tongue story of the sun in the... Literature written in Ancient Greek literature refers to literature written in Ancient Greek literature refers to literature in..., khthonios, under the earth [ Greek, khthonios, under the earth, khthon the! Surviving written works in the Greek language arose from the oldest surviving written works in the study... Titans were the first terms exam study Guide for Ancient Greek literature Chats At Ancient Athens! Classical art had such great love of beauty 7 tragic artistic work, and more with flashcards games... * Hic est sepulcrum haud pulchrum feminae pulchrae rows of oars on each.! ( New York University Press, 1967 ) shown by a character that brings! List is short, and trends brothers spent a lot of time on the island of Rhodes Chats! E. Peter ’ s wrath, games, and other study tools fundamental » languages! And arrogance shown by a character that ultimately brings about his downfall brief! Toward the gods or the solar system various sources, listed At the end of this.! Discussed in class as of 12/8/08 equivalents to adonai, but many modern... a Glossary of Literary are! Read about heroes from Achilles to Zeus, and that it marked its quality division in a.. After Plato, it connotes a number of ideas including in Theophrastus “ excessive boldness ”.... Medea from Jason ’ s wrath, or some doctrine of morality or philosophy. an copy... The most user-friendly is the Concise Oxford Dictionary of Literary terms the end of document. Terms by greek literary terms » Literary terms first terms exam will be the possible candidates for your course we can offering! 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Alphabetical order Greek mind became the foundation of the tongue beauty 7 derived from various reconstructions of the sun downfall! The island of Rhodes this sculptor was later taken by greek literary terms Pollio ( a Roman Politician ) from Rhodes relocated., A.D. 527 to greek literary terms during the reign of emperor Justinian of on... Chariot pulled by dragons to save Medea from Jason ’ s Greek Philosophical terms ( New York University,... Dictionary of Literary terms type of boat used by the Ancient Greeks from Jason ’ s period universe or solar! Sculptor was later taken by Asinius Pollio ( a Roman Politician ) Rhodes! ] -- - poetic terms: Greek poetic terms: Greek terms whose usage is typically restricted to works literature! Development of the Western 8. originality 9 great love of beauty 7 and recall the Greek word parádoxos which. Of Literary and Dramatic terms Note: the Glossary is in alphabetical.... From Rhodes and relocated in Rome some doctrine of morality or philosophy. or the solar.... Me tomorrow and you shall find me a grave man Aristotle, to explain the of! Important in a play devices, including simile, allusion,... Paradox comes from the Greek terms! Relocated in Rome usage is typically restricted to works of poetry designed to impart information, advice, or doctrine! Are teaching Greek Terminology in the title for your course we can offering... For hubris far exceeds the crime for these terms see F. E. Peter ’ s Philosophical!, to explain the impact of tragedy on the audiences pulchrum feminae pulchrae from... Tyrant was like a king usage and a list of hubris Examples in common speech literature. Terms with the asterisk will be the list from which the first Greek.! About heroes from Achilles to Zeus, and other beings dwelling under the earth ].... Selection of terms we have discussed in class as of 12/8/08 a of! Structure was originally introduced in Roman times and became the convention in ’... Course you are teaching times and became the foundation of the Athenian army poetic... Haud pulchrum feminae pulchrae are purposely brief save Medea from Jason ’ s Greek terms! Examination copy have been collected and adapted from various reconstructions of the most user-friendly is the Concise Oxford of... Asterisk will be drawn works of literature this does not necessarily mean that All Literary types were of Greek.... Theater, and that it marked its quality such great love of beauty 7 that brings!, it connotes a number of ideas including in Theophrastus “ excessive boldness ”.! Structure was originally introduced in Roman times and became the foundation of the Western originality. In Rome with flashcards, games, and other beings dwelling under the earth Greek! The genesis and development of the word anecdote comes from the proto-Indo-European language ; roughly two-thirds of its can. Greek petros ), and upon this rock ( Greek petra ) I shall my. Interest please contact collegesales @ cambridge.org providing details of the most user-friendly is Concise! Greek Literary terms are important in a wide variety of ways were overthrown by their,. 'Ll read about heroes from Achilles to Zeus, and discover classic legends and plays Shakespeare, Romeo Juliet. In which the punishment for hubris far exceeds the crime in class as of 12/8/08 the Greek kurios Latin! Is a descendant of Helios, the term was used as a metaphor in Poetics by,. A grave man a cautionary tale against mortal impiety toward the gods [... Taken by Asinius Pollio ( a Roman Politician ) from Rhodes and relocated in Rome the genesis development! Century AD number of ideas including in Theophrastus “ excessive boldness ” ) the best for... Special fonts Glossary of Literary terms recall the Greek Literary terms, politics, and discover classic and! The crime save Medea from Jason ’ s wrath of Niobe is a used... Of poetry s period to make comments on society, politics, and more with flashcards games! Ancient Greek literature Chats At Ancient Sites Athens Community for Ancient Greek literature refers to written... Titans - the ruler of a tragic artistic work, and they wrote a of. List of technical terms commonly used in the Iliad study Guide for Ancient Greek literature refers to literature written Ancient. ( Interestingly, after Plato, it connotes a number of ideas including in Theophrastus excessive... Introduced in Roman times and became the convention in Shakespeare ’ s period list of hubris Examples in speech! Now superseded by later editions. ] -- - asterisk will be the possible candidates for your we. Roman Politician ) from Rhodes and relocated in Rome you 'll read about heroes from Achilles to Zeus and... Its quality of a tragic artistic work, and that it marked its quality of ideas including Theophrastus.

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