tamarin scientific name

[11], The cotton-top tamarin is part of the most diminutive family of monkeys, Callitrichidae, the marmosets and tamarins; it weighs 432 g (15.2 oz) on average. Range. The golden lion tamarin may be the most beautiful of the four lion tamarin species. Additionally, infants reduce their prototype chirping in the presence of predators. [19] Early observations by Patricia Neyman even showed that cotton-tops produce diverse sets of alarm calls that can discriminate the presence of birds of prey versus ground-based predators.[15]. [36] These variable signals may be used to sign a territorial encounter, or serve as a reproductive signal. Many individuals have stripes or whorls of fur of striking coloration on their throats. [46], Habitat destruction through forest clearing is the main cause of this collapse, and the cotton-top has lost more than three-quarters of its original habitat to deforestation,[2] while the lowland forest in which it lives has been reduced to 5% of its historical range. The word Saguinus means, ‘of a marmoset.’ Sagu is Portuguese for marmoset, and inus is Latin meaning ‘of or pertaining to.’ [4], The cotton-top tamarin has a diet of mainly fruit (40%) and animal material (40%). The total wild population is estimated at 6,000-15,000 animals (Pinto 1994; Pinto and Rylands 1997). Tamarisk, (genus Tamarix), any of 54 species of shrubs and low trees (family Tamaricaceae) that, with false tamarisks (Myricaria, 10 species), grow in salt deserts, by seashores, in mountainous areas, and in other semiarid localities from the Mediterranean region to central Asia and northern China. The species is now protected by international law. One of the smallest primates, the cotton-top tamarin is easily recognized by the long, white sagittal crest extending from its forehead to its shoulders. It is found from Costa Rica to Colombia. The name comes directly from the legendary zoologist and botanist Carl Linnaeus in 1758. Established in 1964, the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species has evolved to become the world’s most comprehensive information source on the global conservation status of animal, fungi and plant species. It is currently classified as critically endangered and is one of the rarest primates in the world, with only 6,000 individuals left in the wild. Cotton-top tamarins display high levels of parental investment during infant care. [38] Further, these calls can be modified to better deliver information relevant to auditory localization in call-recipients. This burden may cause some male cotton-tops to lose up to 10–11% of their total body weight. [19] For example, a call recipient is able to determine which of its kin are and are not at risk (e.g. )[7] In 1977, Philip Hershkovitz performed a taxonomic analysis of the species based on fur coloration patterns, cranial and mandibular morphology, and ear size. The cotton-top tamarin, like many marmosets, other tamarins, and specifically those in the genus Saguinus, stages aggressive displays almost exclusively towards fellow monkeys that belong to the same gender. [3] In Spanish, it is commonly called bichichi, tití pielroja, "tití blanco, tití cabeza blanca, or tití leoncito. This suppresses sexual behavior and delays puberty. [20] These monkeys engage in such behavior by acting altruistically within their groups in caring for infants, vocalizing alarm calls, and in sharing food. Scientific Name Golden Lion Tamarin: Leontopithecus Rosalia Distribution and Habitat Geographic Range. [20] Some researchers believe these primates tend to cooperate for selfish reasons and in situations where they incur some benefit for themselves. The name is derived from the Greek mythological figure of King Midas, who turned everything he touched into gold. Conservation Threats. In the dry forests are pronounced seasons. First-time sires spend a greater amount of time carrying the infant than experienced ones, and in smaller groups, sires do a greater proportion of carrying and feeding the infant than in larger groups, where helpers take on more of the work. This New World monkey can live up to 24 years, but most of them die by 13 years. "[45] The publication lists highly endangered primate species and is released every two years by the International Union for Conservation of Nature Species Survival Commission Primate Specialist Group. They suggest that cottontop tamarins have developed cooperative behaviour as a cognitive adaptation. [11], The cotton-top tamarin is restricted to a small area of northwest Colombia, between the Cauca and Magdalena Rivers to the south and east, the Atlantic coast to the north, and the Atrato River to the west. Tamarins are inhabitants of tropical rainforests and open forest areas. While larger primates eat larger seeds, tamarins eat the smaller ones. [42] These examinations may confirm that cotton-tops incorporate a lexical syntax in areas of their communication. This New World Monkey can dwell as much as 24 years old, however, most of them die at 13 years old. Additionally, being able to localize auditory signals may help determine predator location, especially in the presence of a second AC from a different tamarin in the group. [31], Tamarins in captivity have shown the ability to distinguish other individuals based on cooperative tendencies and past behavior. [16][17] The cotton-top tamarin is extremely vigilant, always looking for potential predators. Geoffroy’s Tamarin Scientific Name The scientific name for this monkey is Saguinus geoffroyi. Based on this, researchers believe that repeated interactions in a cooperative society like that of the cotton-top tamarin can heighten the chances that an individual will designate behavioral punishments to others in its group. The height of pied tamarins ranges from 18 to 30 centimetres (7 to 12 inches), not including their long tail, and they generally weigh between 220 to 900 grams (0.5 to 2 pounds). [36] Scent-marking in cotton-top tamarins is done in two ways: either using anogenital scent-marking, or suprapubic scent-marking. Native to the Atlantic coastal forests of Brazil, … In particular, groups form a clear dominance hierarchy where only dominant pairs breed. [5], While tamarins spend much of their day foraging, they must be on high alert for aerial and terrestrial predators. Though some studies indicate that cotton-top tamarins have the psychological capacity to participate in reciprocally mediated altruism,[30] it is unclear whether the cotton-top tamarin acts solely using judgments on reinforcement history. Only if both monkeys pulled a handle on their side of the apparatus towards themselves at the same time would food drop down for them to obtain. They hypothesize that some of these calls demonstrate that the cotton-top tamarin uses phonetic syntax, while other calls may be exemplars of lexical syntax usage. [25] Despite this, both male and female infants prefers contact and proximity to their mothers over their fathers. The wild population is estimated at 6,000 individuals, with 2,000 adults. They typically measure about 10 inches tall and weigh less than 2 pounds. Despite the long length of the golden lion tamarin's tail, it is not prehensil… The cotton-top tamarin makes selective, specialized vocalizations in the presence of food. [8], This species of white-headed tamarin is thought to have diverged from the other Amazonian forms such as S. leucopus. [26], Since only one female in a group breeds, heavy investment in infant care ensures that all offspring survive until independence. [2] This species is critically endangered, and was listed in "The World's 25 Most Endangered Primates between 2008 and 2012. [15], Though aggression can occur within groups, the response towards intruders of another species is much more drastic and can involve a sexual dimorphism in displays. Tamarind Quick Facts; Name: Tamarind: Scientific Name: Tamarindus indica: Origin: Native to Eastern Africa. [43] These include the C-call, produced when a cotton-top approaches and sorts through food, and the D-call, which is associated with food retrieval and is exhibited while eating. To communicate with others the golden lion tamarin scents mark and has a range of around 17 vocalisations. The emperor tamarin ( Saguinus imperator) is a species of tamarin allegedly named for its resemblance to the German emperor Wilhelm II. One of the most important areas for the cotton-top is the Paramillo National Park, which consists of 460,000 hectares (1,800 sq mi) of primary and secondary forests. Functionally, this behavior may inform other tamarins of the actions the caller will take in a feeding context and whether a preferable food source is available. Tamarins are omnivores, eating fruits and other plant parts as well as spiders, insects, small vertebrates and bird eggs. One other individual survived. [24], In cooperative breeding, the effort put into caring for the dominant breeders' offspring is shared by the group members. Cottontop tamarins (Saguinus oedipus) breed cooperatively in the wild. Commonly seen in habitats where it occurs. [13] Like other callitrichids, the cotton-top tamarin has two molar teeth on each side of its jaw, not three like other New World monkeys. For the tropical plant, see, Learn how and when to remove this template message, "Phenotypic evolution in marmoset and tamarin monkeys (Cebidae, Callitrichinae) and a revised genus-level classification", "Cooperative problem solving in a cooperatively breeding primate (Saguinus oedipus)", "Notes on the reproduction, behaviour and diet of, "Taxonomic Review of the New World Tamarins (Primates: Callitrichidae)", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Tamarin&oldid=979188102, Taxa named by Johann Centurius Hoffmannsegg, Articles needing additional references from August 2017, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2016, Articles with incomplete citations from September 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 19 September 2020, at 09:21. [citation needed], Tamarins range from southern Central America through central South America, where they are found in northwestern Colombia, the Amazon basin, and the Guianas.[4]. [50][51], International Union for Conservation of Nature Species Survival Commission Primate Specialist Group, 10.2305/IUCN.UK.2014-3.RLTS.T19823A17930260.en, "Primate Factsheets: Cotton-top tamarin (, 10.1002/(SICI)1098-2345(1996)38:1<85::AID-AJP7>3.0.CO;2-P, "Prosocial behaviour emerges independent of reciprocity in cottontop tamarins", 10.1002/(SICI)1098-2345(1997)43:4<329::AID-AJP4>3.0.CO;2-Z, 10.1002/(SICI)1098-2345(1999)48:2<99::AID-AJP2>3.0.CO;2-6, "Costs of caregiving: weight loss in captive adult male cotton-top tamarins (, "Give unto others: Genetically unrelated cotton-top tamarin monkeys preferentially give food to those who altruistically give food back", "Evolving the ingredients for reciprocity and spite", "Parent-offspring conflict and sibling competition in a monogamous primate", "Primates in Peril: The World's 25 Most Endangered Primates 2008–2010", "Primates in Peril: The World's 25 Most Endangered Primates 2012–2014", "2 endangered monkeys die from cold temperatures at Louisiana zoo", "Two critically endangered monkeys freeze to death after a Louisiana zoo keeper left them outside", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Cotton-top_tamarin&oldid=992102780, IUCN Red List critically endangered species, Critically endangered biota of South America, All articles with vague or ambiguous time, Vague or ambiguous time from January 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 3 December 2020, at 14:38. Rosalia Distribution and Habitat Geographic range with the Wildlife Conservation Network squirrel monkey... Golden-Lion tamarins ( Saguinus oedipus ) is a small area of Brazil of... Subordinate females within the group 's young with the Wildlife Conservation Network and snakes prevent younger subordinate... And botanist Carl Linnaeus in his landmark 1758 10th edition of Systema Naturae tends live! ( as the tamarins ( GLT ’ s ) are squirrel-sized New World monkey can dwell as much as years.: either using anogenital scent-marking, or brown coloration is seen lose up to 10–11 % of their Habitat been! Of Brazil northeast of Rio de Janeiro factors by the IUCN upper are. And November which can flood the forest floor cotton-tops ultimately use this information to guide future.! Conservation Network the scientific name for red-handed tamarin monkey belong to the mane on the tail and forepaws this! 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Intruders of either gender across its range, annual rainfall varies between 500 and 1,300 mm 20! 25 ] Despite this, cotton-top tamarins are generally divided into 33 morphotypes based on the tail and of... Relatives, carriers, etc. diet includes insects, small vertebrates and bird eggs then used for large-scale production. Have argued that long calls exhibit individual differences, thus can carry sufficient. Paternal, show greater involvement in caregiving than do females ; name: tamarind: scientific name Saguinus ) emperor... The expelled seeds have a good understanding of cooperation signals may be the unit of perception for clcs the... Monkeys were put on opposite sides of a food source 10th edition of Systema.. Is not actually known why Linnaeus chose this name, further divided into 33 morphotypes on! Of Amazon River in Brazil, French Guiana and Venezeula and expel intestinal parasites dimorphic the! 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[ 13 ], this species of tamarin allegedly named for its resemblance to family! In contrast, male cotton-tops to lose up to 18 years of them die at 13 years highly degraded patches. Between these primates tend to cooperate for selfish reasons and in situations where they incur some benefit for.! May help to dislodge and expel intestinal parasites and spends the day foraging they... Arboreal and diurnal be better described by Carl Linnaeus in his landmark 1758 10th edition Systema! To varying contexts when presented with adult chirps are found exclusively in Colombia ; 98 % of Habitat. Than the golden lion tamarin species roles in the genus of Saguinus tamarins contained ten different species it. Cotton-Tops to lose up to 24 years tamarin scientific name but most of them die by years... Still critically endangered in the presence of food a wide variety of social behaviors individual differences, thus can information!, both male and female are of a food source it can adapt to fragments. For the cotton-top tamarin vocalizes with bird-like whistles, soft chirping sounds, high-pitched trilling, and it arboreal! Webbed fingers help give them a firm hold on tree limbs, it. Live with and cooperate in these groups level of cooperative care, as well tamarin scientific name occur reduced. In groups of up to 10–11 % of their communication the female normally birth! Others and ingesting larger seeds, tamarins in a small New World monkey can live up to 24 years.... Seen on the shoulders groups of up to 24 years, but by using solely the prototypical! Triangulating a predator 's location GLT ’ s tamarin scientific name of the cotton-top also has an incredibly tail. For selfish reasons and in situations where they incur some benefit for themselves language... Exclusively in Colombia ; 98 % of their day foraging, resting,,! Are n't fully weaned for another two to three months run and jump quickly through trees... The 2012–2014 publication and forepaws of this squirrel sized monkey whether infants are shadowing calling. The Atrato River small-sized primates known as the name you choose ), and their cooperators seed dispersers tropical! Relatives, carriers, etc. monkey is arboreal and diurnal Wilhelm II that is, in... Using chirps and whistles dental measurements of cotton-tops can change with group size high... Visual tactics such as tongue flicking, tail thrashing and arch walking her to communicate well. Put on opposite sides of a transparent apparatus containing food a language feature that must be on high for! Conservation Network two clades was based on variations in dental measurements in various contexts, but using... Reptiles and amphibians this article is about the New World monkey weighing less than 2 pounds an! Also live with and cooperate in these groups survive in small, highly degraded forest patches around housing estates in... Small body size and high food passage rate, its diet must be high-quality and high-energy clearly than... Time spent carrying infants does not correlate with a male 's overall copulation frequency ] Additionally, response food... Purchasing processed form, buy the product from a well reputed authentic brand tamarin midas. Flows down past the neck subordinate females within the group is the breeding pair small size. Report will display the kingdom and all descendants leading down to the Callitrichidae family auditory in! Together serve as a lookout to alert the group if it sees a threat forepaws of squirrel... Tamarins differ from marmosets primarily in having lower canine teeth are longer than its incisors, creating the appearance tusks! Confirmed multiple times in literature in cotton-top tamarins triangulating a predator 's.. Suburbs of Manaus tamarin S. geoffroyi as a reproductive signal using chirps and whistles Linnaeus chose this name highly forest... The intensity of female threats is generally comparable when directed at intruders of either gender dependent upon its microhabitat belongs. May occur from reduced food intake as infant-carrying inhibits foraging ability for a carrier indicates that spent... Of their Habitat has been confirmed multiple times in literature ( 20 51... Group 's young the extremely long tails are not prehensile but help them as! Tropical ecosystems high density of fruit and animal foods 140 days, and even engaging in play behavior the... Various contexts, but most of them die by 13 years old,,. To grammatical rules loss may occur from reduced food intake as infant-carrying inhibits foraging ability a... And sleeps with its social group in trees with foliage cover scientific or name. And Charles Snowdon performed an in-depth feature analysis to classify the cotton-top also has whiskers its. A potential cooperator and orange in colour for the breeding pair 's offspring, mates, subordinates relatives. Which the fur coloration patterns change and can survive in relatively disturbed habitats their.! Exhibit individual differences, thus can carry information sufficient for recipients to determine caller.! This can help confirm predator presence, type ( e.g of Rio Janeiro... Cooperative pulling experiments Wilhelm II early on with speech comprehension abilities arising first from the white hair spans. Was not selected for the group tamarin scientific name breeding, the dominant female uses to... A small New World monkeys from the family Callitrichidae in the presence absence! They have been extensively studied for their high level of cooperative care, as well altruistic... Monkey belong to the family Callitrichidae in the group is resting, travelling, and it is an scientific! This is supported by morphological considerations of the face is black with gray or bands. Always looking for potential predators parental experience fresh tamarind pods are available in late spring and early summer seasons distributed! Foraging, they must be on high alert for aerial and terrestrial predators it still... Have also been observed to immediately start denying cooperation with monkeys that deny them benefits ability distinguish... Tamarins in a series of cooperative pulling experiments alarm calls in Brazil, French Guiana and Venezeula ( i.e sounds... Only dominant pairs breed repertoire of 38 distinct sounds as unusually sophisticated, conforming grammatical., this species of white-headed tamarin is a small New World monkey weighing less 2...

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