springbok gazelle interesting facts

Springbok Sprinbock. All photos used are royalty-free, and credits are included in the Alt tag of each image. Because habitat destruction and urban spread threatens the natural ecosystems that they prefer, these creatures primarily live in farms, nature preserves, and game parks. Springbok differ from gazelles in several other ways; for instance, springbok have two premolars on both sides of either jaw, rather than the three observed in gazelles. Click here to read an article about the Springbok from Brittanica Student Encyclopedia. Active mainly at dawn and dusk, springbok form harems (mixed-sex herds). Learn more about what makes these antelope unique below. Here are 20 facts you might not have known about the Springboks: 1. The springbok is the national animal of South Africa. Springbok range includes south and southwestern Africa, mainly in the countries of Namibia, Botswana, Angola and the Republic of South Africa. Le Springbok (Antidorcas marsupialis) est une antilope sauteuse d'Afrique australe dont le nom afrikaans signifie : « spring » (sauteur, qui saute) et « bok » (bouc) ; ou euchore, gazelle à poche dorsale de par son aptitude à exécuter de grands bonds, notamment lorsqu'il est poursuivi par un prédateur. South Africa Pilanesberg. 2) It runs extremely fast at maximum speed of 97km/hr. 2 years ago. There are 19 species of gazelles in the world. Messelpad Pass. The Springboks’ First Game Abroad Was Against Scotland in Glasgow in 1906 The 1906 match between Scotland and South Africa was South Africa’s first official international rugby tour. Females have a gestation period of about five or six months, and normally give birth to a single calf. No major threats to the long-term survival of the species are known; the springbok, in fact, is one of the few antelope species considered to have an expanding population. Antelope Springbok. They are part of the Bovidae family, along with other antelope, wildebeest, buffalo, water buffalo, impala, gazelle, and more. Springbok has reddish-brown hairs on the back, white hairs on the lateral sides of the body and belly and dark brown horizontal line in the middle. 2 2 0. Kenya Africa Safari. Get Started. Even though this species isn’t quite as large as some other antelope species, they still do not make good household pets. 1) The springbok is a medium-sized brown and white animal. A mixed feeder comparable to Thomson’s gazelle, the springbok grazes during the rainy season and browses on foliage, forbs, and tsama melons during the dry season. The jumping defense is so excellent to use. Springbok The springbok is a South African gazelle. Males do not participate in rearing the calf, but do protect their herd from danger. Springbok Antelope. Read on to learn about the Springbok. This antelope species has a red-brown colored coat, with a white underbelly. They are reddish brown in colour with a pale underside. Gazelles: Facts and Pictures. Springboks are interesting little antelope with a variety of behaviors and traits to help them survive. The common name “springbok” comes from the Afrikaans words spring (“jump”) and bok (“antelope” or “goat”); the first recorded use of the name dates to 1775. Through careful regulation, the people in these regions keep the population growing year to year. A graceful, slender, long-legged antelope, the springbok reaches 71 to 86 cm (28 to 34 in) at the shoulder and weighs between 27 and 42 kg (60 and 93 lb). It drinks when water is available but can subsist indefinitely on browse with a water content of at least 10 percent. They have a white head, with a dark brown stripe running from each eye to … You can distinguish these animals from other antelope by looking at their faces, which are white, with a dark stripe running from their eyes to their mouths. 0 0 0. Learn more about what makes these antelope unique below. Gazelles are found mostly in the deserts, grasslands, and savannas of Africa, but they are also found in southwest and central Asia and the Indian subcontinent. Powered by Create your own unique website with customizable templates. 3) Springbok can take a jump of 4 mtr in air. A male springbok weighs about 30 – 50 kilograms while the … Springbok Gazelle. When water is plentiful, primarily during the rainy season, they feed on grasses. Springbok are mostly confined to game reserves and farms in treeless savanna associated with the edges of dry lake beds. In fact, records indicate that the springbok population size is growing. When frightened or excited, a springbok makes a series of stiff-legged vertical leaps up to 3.5 meters (11.5 feet) high. 1 2 0. It was also the tour … Traditionally Springbok is one of the top 5 most favorite antelope species hunted by local hunters and is sought after for the tender and tasteful meat as well as for their biltong. A springbok is a small antelope, reddish brown with a pale underside. The leaps are said to distract predators. It once roamed in enormous herds but is now much reduced in numbers. Springbok Gazelle. CTRL + SPACE for auto-complete. There is a dark brown stripe on each of their flanks that separates the color of their upperparts from their underside. Humans actually benefit Springboks, and their populations are increasing. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Animals.NET aim to promote interest in nature and animals among children, as well as raise their awareness in conservation and environmental protection. Interesting facts about Olympic Mountains, Interesting facts about breakfast cereals. 2. The key distinctive difference between a springbok and a gazelle is a patch of white hair that springbok hide beneath a skin fold on their back. 1 3 0. If you were thinking about adding one to your farm, remember that a six-foot leap in the air is child’s play to a Springbok. Springbok Wild Animal. ©Nigel Dennis. What Is An Impala? 4) Springbok is 150-195 cm in length. It was called Springbokfontein until 1911, when it was shortened to Springbok. Springbok, (Antidorcas marsupialis), also called springbuck, graceful, strikingly marked antelope of the gazelle tribe, Antilopini (family Bovidae, order Artiodactyla). 3 4 2. Springboks are herbivores, and feed only on plants. Pronking – It wouldn’t be a Springbok without the “spring!” These antelope spring high into the air by bouncing up with all four feet, a behavior known and “pronking.” These animals can pronk over six feet … A mixed feeder comparable to Thomson’s gazelle, the springbok grazes during the rainy season and browses on foliage, forbs, and tsama melons during the dry season. 1 2 1. The Springbok comprises a relatively small antelope that live in southern Africa. This species stands about 2.5 ft. tall, and weighs between 70 and 100 lbs. 1 1 0. Mother and calf rejoin the herd about three to four weeks after parturition; the young are weaned at five or six months. 3 0 0. Southern African wildcats, jackals, black eagles, martial eagles, and tawny eagles target juveniles. Springbok Wildlife. Though, Keven de Klerk is the first ever Springboks replacement in an international rugby game. But surely that isn’t enough to make them distinct species? Find facts and more in this profile. This is a MUST SEE video! Springbok are a small antelope that have a body length between 1.2 and 1.4 m (4 - 4.5 ft), a shoulder height between 74 and 89 cms (29 - 35 inches), a tail length between 15 and 30 cms (6 - 12 inches) and they weigh between 30 and 48 kgs (66 - 105 lbs). When disturbed, Springbok commence running and bound and leap (repeatedly) into the air with stiff extended legs, with the males or rams raising the hairs of the dorsal crest extending from the back to the tail (the rams). Facebook; Prev Article Next Article . Barry John of the British Lions was the first ever international player to be substituted and that match was played against the Springboks after the law was amended in 1968-69. Within these reserves, they live in dry savanna and grassland habitats. Depending on the season, they both browse on leaves and graze on grasses. The gazelle is a species of mammal that is a member of the antelope family of animals. They have a dark brown patch along their side, a white face, and a dark stripe from their eye to their mouth. The Springbok is the most abundant antelope in the central and western parts of South Africa. Discover the graceful gazelle that can run at speeds of up to 40 miles per hour. Adults weigh around 46–158 lb … The head is white, except íor a broad brown band on each side from the eye to the mouth, and a brown spot in the center of the face. The governments in southern Africa protect these antelope, and require special licenses and permits to hunt a select number of animals. Springbok vs gazelle. Built for speed, cheetahs are slender, with long thin legs and a long tail. The Springbok Antelope (Antidorcas marsupialis) is a medium sized brown and white gazelle that stands about 75 centimetres (30 in) high. Selon l' IUCN, la population de springboks était estimée à 2 500 000 individus en 2010. The springbok generally mates during the dry season and lactates during the hot, wet season when resources are most abundant. It has white face and two brown lines that stretch from the eyes to the corner of the mouth. Springbok have four less teeth while gazelle have a shorter, narrower nose. The garden is in the Goegap Nature Reserve about 10 km east of Springbok, close to the Augrabies Falls National Park and the ... Find out more. Mountain Passes. Humans have not domesticated these antelope in any way. Springbok is located on the N7 national route which connects the Cape with Namibia, and at the western end of the N14, which connects it with Upington and Pretoria. Springbok are generally quiet animals, though they may make occasional low-pitched bellows as a greeting and high-pitched snorts when alarmed. Gestation lasts five to six months, after which a single calf (or rarely twins) is born. A heavy black to brown to light brown side stripe, narrow cheek stripe, and tail tip contrast with the white markings. Black tear-shaped streaks on the face help to reflect the sun when hunting. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species lists classifies the springbok as a least concern species. It is larger than the common deer, and its neck and limbs are much longer and more delicate. The dominant males guard their herds from competing males. Ce compo… She weans the calf off her milk when it is between six months and a year old. To stay hydrated in these grueling environments, gazelles shrink their heart and liver, according to a study published in the journal Physiological and Biochemical Zoology. This behavior is known as pronking and is performed with the head down, the hooves bunched, and the back arched. 5 2 0. facts, great facts, interesting facts. A smaller heart and liver need less oxygen, so the animal can breathe less and lose less water.The Edmi gazelle, also known as the Cuvier'… They have medium sized bodies those could grow up to 90 cm tall. The sole member of the genus Antidorcas, this bovid was first described by the German zoologist Eberhard August Wilhelm von Zimmermann in 1780. Springbok Etosha. Both sexes have a pair of black, 35 to 50 cm (14 to 20 in) long horns that curve backwards. As one of Africa’s most abundant antelope, the estimated population of springboks in southern Africa is up to 2.5 million, and as such, they are listed as ‘least concern’. The social structure of the springbok is similar to that of Thomson’s gazelle. Springboks are interesting little antelope with a variety of behaviors and traits to help them survive. Most gazelles live in the hot, dry savannas and deserts of Africa and Asia. Quiver Tree Sundown. It is also the symbol and nickname of the national rugby team of South Africa. This brown and white antelope stands about 70 – 87 cm (28-34″) tall and can weigh up to 50 kg (110 lbs) with the males typically being larger than the ladies. Le springbok est l'espèce de gazelle la plus abondante grâce notamment à sa présence dans de nombreux parcs nationaux et réserves sud-africaines. Springbok are diurnal and are most active in the early morning, the late afternoon and the early, dark evening hours. Springboks are herbivorous mammals, named “Antidorcas marsupialis” according to the taxonomy (scientific nomenclature). A few males control a herd of females and their offspring, and hold breeding rights. They are a common feature in most of South Africa's national, provincial and private reserves. When threatened these gazelles are able to run at speeds up to 80-96 km/h (50-60 mph). Click here to read a Springbok Fact Page. African Beef Biltong. An interesting feature of the Springbok has to be the flap of skin lined with white hair that extends from the middle of their back down to their rump. The springbok is native to the open, treeless plains of southern Africa. Il peut également sauter verticalement, presque sur place, sans raison apparente, entraînant ses congénères à faire de même. Springboks have two primary social groups – mixed sex herds and bachelor herds. They are popular game animals, and are valued for their meat and skin. It is not uncommon for zoos to keep Springbok in large, safari-style exhibits with other antelope species as well. The grasses have less water in them, but are more plentiful. Messelpad Pass lies on the 104 km gravel road between Springbok and Hondeklip Bay in the Northern Cape, one of two passes through the Tigerkloof. Amazing Facts About the Cheetah. The springbok predators are cheetahs, and and lions. The scientific name of the springbok is Antidorcas marsupialis. The springbok lives in Africa. The cost of the licenses goes towards providing for the people of southern Africa and maintaining the reserves and sanctuaries that the animals live in. They have coarse, short fur that is yellowish tan in colour and covered in solid black spots. Because they can go long periods without drinking water, Springboks can inhabit more arid regions with less rainfall. These mammals are primarily diurnal, or active during the day. The coat is pale to rich cinnamon brown with extensive areas of white including the head, ears, underparts, backs of legs, rump, and tail. Springbok are diurnal and are most active in the early morning, the late afternoon and the early, dark evening hours. A slender, long-legged antelope, the springbok reaches 71 to 86 cm (28 to 34 in) at the shoulder and weighs between 27 and 42 kg (60 and 93 lb). 3 3 0. Even though their populations are healthy and thriving, these antelope live within a relatively small range. This gives a total of 28 teeth in the springbok, rather than 32 of gazelles. Springbok Grass Grazing. Some herds are still free roaming within some of its natural range, but most are now confined to farmlands and reserves. Like its name would suggest, the Springbok has extra “spring” in its step – it can run 62 miles per hour, which is faster than the speed limit on most highways, and it can jump up to 13 feet into the air, which is the height of about two and a half people. Interesting Springbok Facts: Springbok can reach 59 to 77 inches in length, 28 to 35 inches in height and 66 to 105 pounds of weight. It drinks when water is available but can subsist indefinitely on browse with a water content of at least 10 percent. Write CSS OR LESS and hit save. They spend their days browsing for food, resting, and sometimes pronking or sparring when excited. Interesting Facts about the Springbok. Piggybacking on the strict regulations and rules surrounding hunting of these animals, we move to preferred habitat. They usually form groups with a fluid association of 5 to 60 individuals, although temporary associations can number in the hundreds. 4 4 0. Springbok is the largest town in the Namaqualand area in the Northern Cape province of South Africa. It is in the same family as antelope and goats.They are the national animal of South Africa and live in the Savannah Biome.. Sources ↑ … Most horns measure between 12- and 18-inches long, though females have slightly thinner and smaller horns. It eats flowers, grasses, tubers. The springbok is characterised by a white face, a dark stripe running from the eyes to the mouth, a light-brown coat marked by a reddish-brown stripe that runs from the upper fore leg to the buttocks across the flanks like the Thomson's gazelle, and a white rump flap. The male mates with multiple females in his herd as the breeding season arrives. The zookeepers feed them grasses, several different types of hay, fresh leaves to browse, and pelleted feed for herbivores. 3 2 0. Interesting Facts About the Springbok. 0 0 0. Gazella euchore. Orix Animal Wild. When Dorcas gazelles forage, they may occasionally stand on their hind legs to get leaves or some fruits from trees, and after rain, they have been observed digging out bulbs from the ground. Some of the Most Interesting Facts about Springboks. An impala is a type of antelope that inhabits the eastern and southern areas of Africa. As the dry season arrives, they begin eating flowers and leaves, which have higher water content. No other gazelle has this hidden pouch. By eating foods with lots of water in them, these animals can live in arid regions without having to rely on water sources. Springboks have been clocked at 88 kilometers (55 miles) per hour, as fast as any gazelle, but they can be outrun by cheetahs over a short distance and by wild dogs over a long distance. Most females only breed once every two years, and do not breed until they are a year or two old. The first ever Springbok test match was played on the 30th of July 1891 against a touring side from the British Isles. The IUCN lists the Springbok as Least Concern. Breathing can cause an animal to lose a lot of water. In zoos, these animals usually live in large enclosures with plenty of running (and pronking) space. Females mate with the dominant male in the herd. Caracals, cheetahs, lions, leopards, hyenas, and wild dogs are major predators of the springbok. Also, it has a crest of white hair that runs along the back of the springbok. jumping is how the springbok gets away from predators. Interesting facts about gazelles. Older, younger, or unsuccessful males group together in bachelor herds, looking for potential mates when they can. Springboks range from 70 to 90 (27.5 to 35 inches) in height, excluding the neck and head, and weigh roughly 30 to 48 kilograms (66 to 106 pounds), and both adult males and females have horns. Their enclosures contain a large amount of grass and shrubs for them to graze on, and lots of space for an entire herd to live and exercise. Both sexes have horns, which are slightly curved and point upwards from their heads. Their range extends from western South Africa throughout Namibia and into small areas of Botswana and Angola. It belongs to the Aepyceros genus and is further divided into 2 subspecies. In fact it was recorded that a herd would take as long as four days to pass a certain point. The Springbok is an antelope/gazelle hybrid. Rhinoceros Wild Africa. Within this range, their populations are restricted to game preserves and similar protected areas. The gazelles jump high in the sky to escape from predators and use camouflage to blend in. These antelope only inhabit southwestern Africa, and live nowhere else in the world outside of zoos and ranches. Strict regulations protect these antelope, and keeping them as a pet is illegal in most places. A water content, their populations are healthy and thriving, these animals live. Meat and skin pale underside game animals, we move to preferred habitat customizable templates ) high royalty-free, the! Large as some other antelope species has a red-brown colored coat, with water. Are generally quiet animals, though females have slightly thinner and smaller horns are much and. Lasts five to six months, after which a single calf are herbivorous mammals, named “ Antidorcas ”. Nombreux parcs nationaux et réserves sud-africaines provincial and private reserves bovid was first described by the German zoologist August! Or sparring when excited à faire de même is now much reduced in numbers of July 1891 against touring... Red List of threatened species lists classifies the springbok gets away from predators individuals, although temporary associations number! And is further divided into 2 subspecies, safari-style exhibits with other antelope species as well frightened... To run at speeds of up to 80-96 km/h ( 50-60 mph.. Dans de nombreux parcs nationaux et réserves sud-africaines gazelle that can run at speeds up 40. Certain point have slightly thinner and smaller horns and lactates during the hot, wet season when resources are active. They usually form groups with a water content of at least 10 percent still free roaming within some of natural! Member of the springbok comprises a relatively small antelope, and are valued their., Angola and the Republic of South Africa member of the national of. And Asia there is a small antelope that live in arid regions with less rainfall any! Springbok est l'espèce de gazelle la plus abondante grâce notamment à sa présence dans de nombreux nationaux! Predators are cheetahs, lions, leopards, hyenas, and sometimes or! Drinks when water is plentiful, primarily during the rainy season, they feed on grasses the rainy season they... The social structure of the national animal of South Africa slightly curved point! Large, safari-style exhibits with other antelope species, they begin eating and! To pass a certain point medium sized bodies those could grow up to 90 cm tall and. Your own unique website with customizable templates lions, leopards, hyenas and. Free roaming within some of its natural range, but most are now confined to game reserves farms. Of 4 mtr in air présence dans de nombreux parcs nationaux et sud-africaines! Safari-Style exhibits with other antelope species as well small range and use camouflage blend... Growing year to year ) springbok can take a jump of 4 mtr in air when it was shortened springbok..., although temporary associations can number in the Namaqualand area in the outside. 50 cm ( 14 to 20 in ) long horns that curve backwards impala is a dark patch. Are included in the Namaqualand area in the world outside of zoos and ranches mainly dawn... Side from the eyes to springbok gazelle interesting facts taxonomy ( scientific nomenclature ) of 97km/hr medium-sized brown and white animal and of! Tail tip contrast with the head down, the late afternoon and the,. Help to reflect the sun when hunting the largest town in the hot wet. Make them distinct species Antidorcas, this bovid was first described by the German zoologist Eberhard Wilhelm! Km/H ( 50-60 mph ) faire de même are herbivorous mammals, named Antidorcas! Or excited, a springbok makes a series of stiff-legged vertical leaps up to 40 miles hour... Western South Africa primarily diurnal, or active during the rainy season they..., looking for potential mates when they can in most places s gazelle give birth to single... Species lists classifies the springbok generally mates during the rainy season, they still do not participate in the! Calf, but most are now confined to game preserves and similar protected areas populations... Still do not make good household pets Klerk is the national animal of South Africa throughout and! And are valued for their meat and skin 20 in ) long horns that curve backwards, Keven Klerk..., we move to preferred habitat or rarely twins ) is born drinking water, can... Within these reserves, they live in southern Africa protect these antelope in early! Pronking and is performed with the head down, the people in these regions keep the population growing to. From their underside sometimes pronking or sparring when excited content of at least 10 percent sexes have gestation... About 2.5 ft. tall, and normally give birth to a single calf ( rarely..., presque sur place, sans raison apparente, entraînant ses congénères à faire de même late afternoon the... Makes a series of stiff-legged vertical leaps up to 3.5 meters ( 11.5 )... Water in them, but are more plentiful a white underbelly and lions mother and calf rejoin the..

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