Generally survives temperatures to 30 degrees F. (sometimes with brief dips into the high 20s). The flowers, which can grow up to two inches in diameter, bloom on terminal racemes at the end of branches, with as many as 40 flowers per raceme (1). Botanical names: Poinciana pulcherrima Syn. Pulcherrima is the feminine superlative form of the Latin adjective pulcher, and … DWARF POINCIANA, BARBADOS FLOWER FENCE, RED BIRD OF PARADISE, PRIDE OF BARBADOS. In Bloom, Arizona Great Family: FABACEAE: Genus: Caesalpinia L.: Common Name: NICKER: Genus Notes: The traditionally heterogeneous Caesalpinia s.l. A simple mixture of leaf and sod land with the addition of sand is suitable. Reportedly, green seed pods from the plant are cooked and eaten in Mexico(1). Its ability to cause abortions was documented in the 17th century, but had been used by indigenous peoples probably long before that (5, 10). Dwarf Poinciana fixes nitrogen. The slender trunk is usually straight and cylindrical and can be free of branches for 100cm or more [ 310 All contents © 2012 Arizona Board of Regents. It may, however, be winter deciduous in cooler locations, such as Tucson (1,2). General Information Scientific name: Caesalpinia pulcherrimaPronunciation: sez-al-PIN-ee-uh pul-KAIR-ih-muhCommon name(s): Dwarf poinciana, Barbados flower fenceFamily: LeguminosaeUSDA hardiness zones: 9B through 11 (Fig. The epithet of the plant’s name, pulcherrima, was retained. Poinciana pulcherrima. Schiebinger, L. (2004). The species name pulcherrima literally means "very pretty" and this plant definitely lives up to the name. Caesalpinia pulcherrima (L.) Sw. from Guwahati: Attached images are Caesalpinia pulcherrima (L.) Sw. Its potency as an emmenagogue (a substance that induces menstruation in women) has also been observed(5, 12). Has thorns. Leaves are paripinnate, alternate and 10 to 40 cm long with 5 to 9 pairs of pinnae. Borne at the branch tips, the five-petaled blossoms, 1 in. Rounded Shape. Synonyms. Medicinal Plants of the American Southwest. Kane, C. (2011). is a rounded upright, sometimes sprawling, multi-stemmed shrub. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. Caesalpinia pulcherrima is the national flower of the country of Barbados, where it is called “the Pride of Barbados;” it appears on that country’s national coat of arms(5,13). Pulcherrima is the feminine superlative form of the Latin adjective pulcher, and means “the most beautiful”. This appears to be Yellow Peacock Flower from Gulmohar family. Used as a flowering fence in Barbados. Caesalpinia pulcherrima Preferred Common Name; peacock flower Taxonomic Tree; Domain: Eukaryota Kingdom: Plantae Phylum: Spermatophyta Subphylum: Angiospermae Class: Dicotyledonae; Summary of Invasiveness; C. pulcherrima is a fast-growing shrub or small tree in the legume family. Beware, however, of the small, sharp thorns that run along the stems. Royal Poinciana (Delonix regia), considered to be the most beautiful tree in the world, but for gardeners in zones 8 -11, the much smaller selection of Pride of Barbados (a.k.a. Plants and Empire: Colonial Bioprospecting in the Atlantic World. C. pulcherrima is a fine choice for xeriscaping. It has been used to make inks(5) and dyes(5, 11). It has a self-supporting growth form. Family: Fabaceae. The first known reference of the plant by a European comes from Francisco Hernández, a Spanish botanist, in the early 16th century (5). The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. Caesalpinia pulcherrima has been used extensively by humans in a variety of ways. Scientific: Caesalpinia pulcherrima (formerly known as Poinciana pulcherrima) Common: red bird-of-paradise, Barbados pride, dwarf Poinciana, ayoowiri Family: Leguminosae (Fabaceae) Origin: West Indies, Mexico Pronounciation: Say-sal-PIN-ee-a pul-chi-REE-ma Hardiness zones Sunset 12-16, 18-23 USDA 9-11. The National Flower of Barbados. The epithet of the plant’s name, pulcherrima, was retained. Pride of Barbados, Caesalpinia pulcherrima is a member of the pea family (Fabaceae). Winter hardy to USDA Zones 9-11 where it is easily grown in medium moisture, fertile, well drained soils in full sun. Life Cycle: Woody Country Or Region Of Origin: Mexico, Central America Dimensions: Height: 10 ft. 0 in. It is a photoautotroph. 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