The wood of the roots is knotted and used for small cabinet-work. Maple syrup is known as a health food and is used as a substitute for sugar. The maple is one of North America's most versatile and best-loved deciduous trees. Crab Apple (Malus spp.) Victory Gardening in 2020: Spring is Not Cancelled, Green Pavement Creates Beautiful Environmental Solutions, How to Make or Choose the Best Weed Killer Spray, How to Use & Source Eco Mulch for Your Garden. The other common form of pollination is wind. The best sap is produced by sugar maple and rock maple. Maple syrup was first recorded as being produced in 1540 by Native Americans using the sugar maple’s sap. In Japan, the custom of viewing the changing colour of maples in the autumn is called “momijigari”. There are more than 100 different species of maple around the world, 10 of which are native to Canada: sugar, black, silver, bigleaf, red, mountain, striped, Douglas, vine, and Manitoba. Maple trees are commonly found in gardens and their sap on our dining tables, in form of Maple syrup. Dried wood is often used for the smoking of food. Sugar maple is primarily found in Eastern Canada and most of the Northern US, but it's made its way as far south as Georgia, Alabama, and Texas. The wood is used as a fuel and is turned into charcoal commercially. Sugar Maple is easily identified by its clear sap found in the leaf petiole. The scaling insects, like the cottony maple scale, the maple leaf scale and the oystershell scale also infest the Red Maple. These cookies do not store any personal information. The Red Maple Tree is a species of deciduous tree that is native to the eastern United States. Caused By: Fungi that tends to hide in leaf debris.Specific species include Rhytisma acerinum, R. americanum, and R. Like many other types of maple trees, this Canadian maple tree prefers full-sun exposure and a variety of soil conditions. They can be light, bright, medium, burgundy and blackish red. Shrub or tree-form specimens are compact and dense, reaching a height and width of 12 to 20 feet (3.5 to 6 metres). Maple tree flowers have the ability to self-pollinate. It contain both male and female parts instead of separate female and male parts of individual trees. The sap is tapped to harvest small quantities of sap. Many drums are made from maple. Maples vary radically in size. It thrives in … This tree is most commonly used as a source of maple syrup. Some maples are an early spring source of pollen and nectar for bees. The gall making maple borer, maple callus borer and the Colombian timber beetle are the worst pests to affect the Red Maple tree. It can grow in a different types of environment. Maple syrup is used as toppings for pancakes, waffles, French toast, etc. The tree is not harmed in any way when tapping the syrup, as only 10% of the sap is harvested from the total tree production of sap. While most maples are trees that can reach anywhere from 10 metres to 45 metres tall, other maples are shrubs of less than 10 metres in height. The young Maple trees have a smooth bark that becomes brown, rough and corky as they grow older. Name: Acer saccharinum. These columnar trees can also be planted together to crate a tall privacy screen in your backyard. Maples are the gems of a garden as their colorful leaves always brighten up their surroundings. The distinctive fruit are called samaras, “maple keys“, “helicopters“, “whirlybirds” or “polynoses“. The lifespan of a maple tree is between 100 and 400 years, depending on the species. The Maple tree branches spread horizontally and form a compact rounded head when fully grown. Maple is considered a tonewood, or a wood that carries sound waves well, and is used in numerous musical instruments. Yup, there’s no sweeter day trip than visiting this cool landmark! There are over 800 to 1000 different known to exist varieties of this species. It is found growing in Manitoba and Newfoundland to Florida and even as far as East Texas. About two-thirds of them are in Eastern Asia. Maple Trees are shipped to the consumer in their bare root form, so they arrive in the best condition possible. Our site includes quite a bit of content, so if you're having an issue finding what you're looking for, go on ahead and use that search feature there! A mature red maple tree grows 50 to 70 feet tall, ideal as a shade tree but too tall for small garden areas. Many maple species have a dense and fibrous root system. The inner bark when brewed into a tea, can be used to treat diarrhea and cough. Would you like to write for us? This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. There are three principle veins radiating at the base of the leaf in all Maple trees. Now that I live up in Canada’s far north – (Northwest Territories), it’s a good month later – April. We would like to provide you with information on these ten native maples that grow from Newfoundland & Labrador westwards to the Pacific coast. Maples are distinguished by opposite leaf arrangement. Cherry trees do not require much maintenance either, so long as moisture remains in the soil. This hearty tree covers most of Canada with its beautiful short needles. Depending on the variety, maples are used for rough construction or in the making of fine furniture. The oldest fossil of a maple dates to 100 million years ago in Alaska. These trees also have the tendency to color unevenly during fall. This is a favorite tree for Bonsai trees growers. The soft wood is used to make low-cost wood furniture and in wooden crafts. The red Maple is the first to flower in spring and has a short lifespan of only 150 years. 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